Applied Exercise Psychology: A Practitioner's Guide to Improving Client Health and Fitness

By Mark H. Anshel | Go to book overview

Chapter 10
A Proposed Values-Based
Model for Promoting
Exercise Behavior

THE NEED FOR A NEW INTERVENTION MODEL
TO PROMOTE EXERCISE BEHAVIOR

Existing models do not adequately explain nor predict the causes of a person's choice not to exercise or to discontinue (nonadhere to) their exercise habit (Buckworth & Dishman, 2002). It is known that positive attitudes toward exercise and knowledge about the benefits of exercise are insufficient in promoting a permanent exercise habit. Correlations between knowledge and attitude about exercise are moderate, however, neither significantly predict actual exercise behavior. One likely reason for the lack of predictability is that interventions have tended to be imposed on the individual, and that researchers have not controlled for the exerciser's motives, rationale, and personal commitment to begin and maintain an exercise program. Instead, as is the common protocol in experimental research, intervention studies have consisted of volunteers who are healthy, unfit, and not currently exercising regularly.

One area, virtually ignored by researchers who study exercise interventions, has been creating a climate and providing intervention content that includes a sense of purpose, that is, [the energy derived from connecting to deeply held values and a purpose beyond one's

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