Cognitive and Behavioral
Strategies to Promote
Starting and maintaining an exercise program does not happen automatically. Conscious planning of location, time, and performance content is needed, collectively called an intervention. Interventions include one or more strategies, categorized as cognitive or behavioral, that are intended to change some predetermined outcome. The purpose of this section is to review the effectiveness of existing interventions; a perusal of the existing research will reveal mixed results. The reasons for these equivocal outcomes will be discussed. New directions in intervention content and effectiveness to change exercise behavior will be suggested.
The primary goal of an intervention is to encourage sedentary or irregularly active individuals to adopt regular exercise habits and to keep physically active persons exercising on a regular basis (Buckworth & Dishman, 2002). Interventions guide what needs to be changed and which strategies should be used.
There have been numerous studies that have tested the effectiveness of specific cognitive or behavioral strategies and interventions on