The Encheiridion of Epictetus and Its Three Christian Adaptations

By Gerard Boter; Epictetus | Go to book overview

PREFACE

1. Brief sketch of the origin and reception of Epictetus' Encheiridion

Arrian is almost universally acknowledged as the author of the Diatribes, but there has been much discussion about the extent to which he put his stamp on the text of the Diatribes. According to some scholars he presents us with a more or less stenographic account of Epictetus' lectures. According to others he follows the example of Xenophon's Memorabilia, and moulds Epictetus' oral lectures into freely adapted written compositions. There are also many intermediate positions'. Stellwag 11–13, however, argues that Epictetus' Diatribes were composed by Epictetus himself; this hypothesis has recently been revived by Dobbin (xxi-xxiii).

In a letter to Massalenus2, referred to by Simplicius (P 4–9, p. 192 Hadot), Arrian states that in composing the Encheiridion he picked out the most vital and necessary elements of Epictetus' philosophy, which would most strongly influence the souls of the readers3. Simplicius adds that the same thoughts and the same formulations can also be found in the Diatribes4. In reality verbatim quotations from the Diatribes in the Encheiridion are few and far between. Comparison between the two is hampered by the fact that the Diatribes are only partly extant5.

Epictetus enjoyed a certain popularity both with pagan and christian authors in antiquity and in the Byzantine period6. In the

1 For Arrian's authorship see Arrian's letter to Lucius Gellius, which precedes
the Diatribes in the codex Saibantinus = Bodleianus misc. gr. 251 (the source of all
the other extant MSS). For the character of the Diatribes see Spanneut, RAC 600-
603; Radt 364–368 with references; Dobbin xx-xxiii with references.

2 Or Messalinus, as Saumaise conjectured; see Hadot's apparatus.

3

.

4

.
. Hadot, Simplicius 152–153, argues
that it should not be taken for granted that the word διατριβών refers to the
Diatribes as we have them.

5 See Spanneut, RAC 602. I hope to devote a special study to the relationship
between the Diatribes and the Encheiridion.

6 An excellent survey is given by Spanneut, RAC616–675.

-xiii-

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The Encheiridion of Epictetus and Its Three Christian Adaptations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • Preface xiii
  • The Transmission of the Texts 1
  • Part One - The Authentic Encheiridion 3
  • Part Two - "Nilus"'' Adaptation 149
  • Part Three - The Paraphrasis Christiana 197
  • Part Four - The Adaptation of Vaticanus Gr. 2231 257
  • The Texts 265
  • Part One - Epictetus'' Encheiridion 267
  • Part Two - "Nilus" Adaptation 351
  • Part Three - The Paraphrasis Christiana 369
  • Part Four - The Adaptation of Vaticanus Graecus 2231 395
  • Indices and Bibliography 413
  • Index Verborum Epicteti Encheiridii 415
  • Index Fontium Epicteti Encheiridii 427
  • Index Auctorum Epicteti Encheiridion Laudantium 432
  • Index Locorum Potiorum 434
  • Index Codicum 436
  • Index Siglorum 438
  • Bibliography 441
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