The Encheiridion of Epictetus and Its Three Christian Adaptations

By Gerard Boter; Epictetus | Go to book overview

PART TWO
"NILUS"' ADAPTATION

CHAPTER SEVEN
INTRODUCTION

The Christian adaptation of the Encheiridion which is usually associated with St. Nilus Ancyranus, who lived about 400 A.D.1, was first edited by J.M. Suarez, together with other works by Nilus, in Rome, 1673; I use the siglum R to indicate this edition. Suarez' text is based on one MS, which is nowhere specified by him. Besides, Suarez borrowed readings from Wolf's edition of the Encheiridion and from PJ "Vat. gr. 740", as will be shown below (see p. 181). Suarez' text was reproduced in Migne, PG, vol. 79, col. 1285-1316.

M. Meibom, during his stay in Copenhagen (1653-1663), collated a MS containing "Nilus"' adaptation for his projected edition of the Encheiridion, without recognizing that this MS did not contain the text of the authentic Encheiridion. In 1711 A. Reland published an edition of the work on Epictetus' Encheiridion and Cebes' Tabula, left by Meibom; this edition appeared in Utrecht. It contains, among other material, a text of the authentic Encheiridion and a collation of the MS consulted by Meibom in Copenhagen, indicated as the Hafniensis (H). This MS was no longer present in the Copenhagen library when Schweighäuser searched for it at the end of the eighteenth century, and should probably be regarded as lost. Reland describes the MS as "non admodum antiquae, bonae tamen, notae"2.

Schweighäuser, EPhM V 98-138, published a new text of "Nilus"' adaptation; for this text he used a third source, Parisinus graecus

1 The attribution of the adaptation to Nilus has been the subject of much
debate; see pp. 156-157. For brevity's sake, I will use the name of "Nilus" as the
author of the adaptation, indicating the text with the abbreviation Nil.

2 For fuller information see Schweighäuser LXI-LXIII, LXIX f., XCVUI-CIV;
Höistad passim.

-149-

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The Encheiridion of Epictetus and Its Three Christian Adaptations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents vii
  • Acknowledgements xi
  • Preface xiii
  • The Transmission of the Texts 1
  • Part One - The Authentic Encheiridion 3
  • Part Two - "Nilus"'' Adaptation 149
  • Part Three - The Paraphrasis Christiana 197
  • Part Four - The Adaptation of Vaticanus Gr. 2231 257
  • The Texts 265
  • Part One - Epictetus'' Encheiridion 267
  • Part Two - "Nilus" Adaptation 351
  • Part Three - The Paraphrasis Christiana 369
  • Part Four - The Adaptation of Vaticanus Graecus 2231 395
  • Indices and Bibliography 413
  • Index Verborum Epicteti Encheiridii 415
  • Index Fontium Epicteti Encheiridii 427
  • Index Auctorum Epicteti Encheiridion Laudantium 432
  • Index Locorum Potiorum 434
  • Index Codicum 436
  • Index Siglorum 438
  • Bibliography 441
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