THE PREPARATION AND PLANNING
We always have to remember that it is the purpose of the study which determines the methods to be used, not the other way round, and so in this chapter we shall consider some of the steps Tim took in preparing and planning his research programme. He had obtained permission to carry out the research long before he began to make any firm plans. Once the permission was given, he was able to consider the various ways in which his topic might be developed. His first step was to construct six research questions which he preferred to word in the form of statements, in order to provide a structure for the investigation, which were:
R1 To identify the most important characteristics of effective teaching as perceived by academic staff of three departments.
R2 To discover if staff of the three departments (named A, B and C) differ in their perceptions of the most important characteristics of effective lecturers.
R3 To investigate the influence of academic staff background variables on their perceptions of the characteristics of effective lecturers. The background variables include gender, age,