1. Judith DuBose and her sisters Anne and Mary (or Marie) were of French Huguenot ancestry. See Margaret Simons Middleton, Henrietta Johnston of Charles Town, South Carolina: America's First Pastellist (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1966) for copies of the three sisters' portraits. The originals are at the Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, South Carolina. See also Henry A. M. Smith, "Wragg of South Carolina," 121–22.
2. George C. Rogers, Jr., Charleston in the Age of the Pinkneys, 9.
3. Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina under the Proprietary Government, 1670–1719, 586, 589.
4. Ibid., 589–92, 621.
5. Alberta Morel Lachicotte, Georgetown Rice Plantations, 71, 75.
6. Savannah Georgia Medical Society obituary and citation by Dr. Theodor Starbuck in the "Savannah Physicians' Biography," col. 702, item 9.
7. Ronald L. Numbers and Todd L. Savitt, Science and Medicine in the Old South, 191.
8. Buddy Sullivan, Early Days on the Georgia Tidewater: The Story of McIntosh County & Sapelo, introductory quotation, 171; 346, 527.
9. Ibid., 172, 177, 162–63.
10. Ibid., 177.
11. David Doar, Rice and Rice Planting in the South Carolina Low Country, 39–41.
12. Sullivan, Early Days, 163.
13. John Ashby Wragg's obituary, Thomas L. Wragg scrapbook, Pamela Wragg Chase Hain papers (hereafter: Author's papers).
14. Daily Morning News, June 12, 1860; July 3, October 10, and May 14, 1861.
15. There may have been bedrooms in the basement or on the second floor of the carriage house as well. For many years in the twentieth century, the house was a pawnshop. Mills B. Lane restored the exterior as part of the work of the "Bee Hive Foundation." The Swing family now owns the house.