1. Emancipation Proclamation, in The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Roy P. Basler et al., 6:28–31 (hereafter cited as CW); Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It, 169; Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner, 560 (hereafter cited as SSW). On the scope of the Emancipation Proclamation, see Steve Crockett, “On Becoming Free.”
2. Congressional Globe, 37th Cong., 3d sess., Appendix, 45, 47; Gettysburg Address, CW, 7:23. Grider had been present to hear Lincoln make his last appeal to border state representatives on July 12, 1862; afterward he signed a letter stating the views of the majority in rejecting Lincoln's proposal (CW, 5:317–19; John G. Nicolay and John Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A History, 6:111–12).
3. Harry V. Jaffa, Crisis of the House Divided: An Interpretation of the Issues in the Lincoln-Douglas Debates, v.
4. In his more recent study, Jaffa includes a consideration of John C. Calhoun and Alexander H. Stephens, by way of assigning them their proper places in European and American intellectual history. He links Calhoun with Rousseau and the German idealists, for example, and both Calhoun and Stephens with the “mid-nineteenth-century faith in science” (A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War, 86, 224, 427).
5. These essays appear in Toward a More Perfect Union: Writings of Herbert J. Storing, ed. Joseph M. Bessette. The question of politics and moral reform in reference to slavery is also treated briefly in another essay in the same collection, “The Role of Government in Society.”
6. Storing, Toward a More Perfect Union, 155–56.