THE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Any credible explanation of globalization must expand all of the fashionable, narrow perspectives—economic, political, cultural, or other—into the global perspective. It must also expand the historical horizon of past and present into the future. Within the global perspective, globalization not only compresses time in space but also transforms modern social reality beyond fashionable extrapolations of the present into the future. Rather than carrying people smoothly into a new and better, but comfortable and familiar, world, the most recent waves of globalization have deposited them on the far side of progress with only their wits and hearts to create any new world.
By expanding the scope—or raising the level—of human consciousness, globalism embodies all of peopleU+027s perspectives without diminishing their local, narrow priorities, interests, or circumstances. Global understanding embraces not only aggregate humanity but also individuals and societies. Through the lens of historicism, globalization appears as both a permanent human condition and a recurrent, temporal process with a beginning and an end. The process of globalization reintroduces people as the particular, local, and timely focus of living in a humanized reality as part of the condition of globalization. The condition of globalization does not, however, require people to choose between humanism and rationality. Instead, globalization invites people to recover the premodern legacy of humanism and integrate it into modern rationality. The exact sciences and innovative technologies of modernity have laid the infrastructure of globalization. By humanizing rationality, human will can erect the structure that houses both the particular and the universal. Only within the global perspective can people create the new knowledge of a social reality built solidly on both, not balanced precariously between them.
Globalization has transformed the relationship between economic growth and political conflict from a linear political-economic process into a complex, nonlinear phenomenon that remains beyond the competence of global governance. Expanding the economic perspective exposes the wekanesses of