Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1520-1550: A Documented Chronology

By Blanche Gangwere | Go to book overview

Sacred Music for the Reformed Church on the Continent

A. Introduction

1. The Protestant Reformation did not represent a single unified movement PerMR 724

a) The efforts to reform religious practice differed from region to region according to the local circumstances

(1) The changes sought depended on the political situation

(a) Secular rulers often viewed religious orthodoxy as an important ingredient in maintaining the established social order

b) And these efforts "were usually shaped by the particular views of one or more of the leading figures active there"

(1) These leaders did not always agree on all points PerMR, 725

(a) Martin Luther stressed the importance of music in the training of the clergy and in the curricula of the Latin schools

(b) Ulrich Zwingli thought the music for liturgical purposes could not be justified by the scriptures and therefore banned music in the reformed churches under his direction and even had organs removed

(c) John Calvin followed a middle ground between Luther and Zwingli

i) He approved monophony for religious services but only when sung in the current vernacular by the entire congregation

c) "These divergent views produced predictably different results where the cultivation of music was concerned" PerMR 725

(1) In the three areas mentioned above and in Anglican England, musical practice followed its own course, therefore the traditional compositional types were affected very little in the early Protestant movement

(2) It was the birth and development of musical genres, due in part to the concepts of public worship and the attitudes toward music, that were characteristic of Protestant communities


B. Lutheran Church Music at Wittenberg

1. Martin Luther created a liturgical and theological climate which enabled a new musical tradition to develop within "Lutheranism" LeaL, 263

-256-

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Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1520-1550: A Documented Chronology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in the Music Reference Collection ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Reference Material xi
  • Bibliography 1
  • Part II: Historical Outline and Study Guide 122
  • Theorists and Theoretical Sources 123
  • Musica Theorica: Science of Music 137
  • Musica Practica: Performance Didactics 154
  • Musica Poëtica: Composition 177
  • Notation 184
  • Sacred Latin Music for the Catholic Church on the Continent 199
  • Sacred Music for the Reformed Church on the Continent 256
  • Sacred Latin and Vernacular Music in England 295
  • Secular Vocal Music 366
  • Instrumental Music 455
  • Index of Persons 507
  • Index of Works 511
  • Subject Index 527
  • About the Author 537
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