Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1520-1550: A Documented Chronology

By Blanche Gangwere | Go to book overview

Instrumental Music

A. Keyboard Music: Musical Forms

1. Imitative keyboard music

a) At the beginning of the sixteenth century the evolution of instrumental motets or chansons for keyboard instruments began ApeH, 165

(1) These compositions appeared under the names of ricercar, canzona, tiento and fantasia

(2) The Ricercar (Fr., It. ricercare; and Fr. recherche; It. ricercata; Ger. Ricercar; Sp. recercario, recercada) RanH, 706

(a) The term is derived from the Italian cercare meaning search ApeH, 166

(b) It was used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to designate various species of composition that seem to have nothing in common with each other ApeH, 166

i) But all of these species represent various manifestations of a common principle which may be described by the concept of "examination" or "study" which corresponds to the literal meaning of the word ricercar

ii) The study could have various goals such as being anticipatory, in the sense of a technical and spiritual preparation for the playing of an instrument

a - "This seems to have been the original meaning of the ricercar"

iii) Examples are found in the ricercars by Marco Antonio Cavazzoni (1523)

(c) There were two varieties of ricercar existing concurrently RanH, 706

i) There was a rhapsodic type in homophonic texture and a polyphonic type that exploited learned contrapuntal artifices

ii) During the sixteenth century, both types appear in German, English, Spanish, and French sources

a - These pieces were titled respectively prelude, fancy, tiento, and fantasia

1 - These have sometimes served as etudes or studies

-455-

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Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1520-1550: A Documented Chronology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in the Music Reference Collection ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Reference Material xi
  • Bibliography 1
  • Part II: Historical Outline and Study Guide 122
  • Theorists and Theoretical Sources 123
  • Musica Theorica: Science of Music 137
  • Musica Practica: Performance Didactics 154
  • Musica Poëtica: Composition 177
  • Notation 184
  • Sacred Latin Music for the Catholic Church on the Continent 199
  • Sacred Music for the Reformed Church on the Continent 256
  • Sacred Latin and Vernacular Music in England 295
  • Secular Vocal Music 366
  • Instrumental Music 455
  • Index of Persons 507
  • Index of Works 511
  • Subject Index 527
  • About the Author 537
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