Machs, Narcs, Sexual Aggressors
and the Entitled
In their introduction to the concept of Machiavellianism as a personality structure, Christie and Geis (1970) wrote, [since the publication of The Prince in 1532, the name of its author has come to designate the use of guile, deceit, and opportunism in interpersonal relations…the 'Machiavellian' is someone who views and manipulates others for his [sic] own purposes] (p. 1). Christie and Geis also operationalized Machiavellianism and developed a psychometric scale based upon the writings of Niccolo Machiavelli.
This section will first review Christie and Geis's conceptualization and operationalization of Machiavellianism. A review and discussion of related literature follows. In particular, their relationship with sexual aggression is discussed. Furthermore, this chapter introduces and reviews narcissism and also relates that dimension to sexual violence. Finally, the construct of entitlement will be introduced as a theoretical explanatory component of male sexual aggression. Entitlement depends on Machiavellianism and narcissism for its key aspects.
Christie and Geis (1970) observed that the psychopathological model significantly swayed treatises about the characteristics of those who exercise power over others. These authors asserted that a psychopathological approach towards understanding powerful manipulators was deficient. Indeed, these authors stated that adoption