observation of the child's behaviour
The first assessments of attachment security were developed for use with infants and toddlers and were based on observational assessments of attachment behaviours. These aim to assess the child's attachment security based on the behaviours and reactions that are evoked when the attachment system is aroused. This arousal is achieved in two graded ways, the first being the introduction of a stranger and the second being separation from the caregiver. The behaviours are assumed to be based on the internal working models which the child has developed in relation to particular persons.
Table 8.1 lists the assessments of attachment in child age order.
Ainsworth and Wittig 1969.
Ainsworth et al. 1978; Main and Solomon 1986, 1990.
The strange situation procedure assesses the attachment behaviour of young children to their primary carers, although, as outlined above, this behavior