Community Nursing Practice: Theory, Skills and Issues

By Winsome St John; Helen Keleher | Go to book overview
Helen Keleher
2
SOCIAL PERSPECTIVES
ON HEALTH
OverviewUnderstanding the social basis of health is essential for effective nursing practice in the community because health is much more complex than merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The philosophy of community nursing embraces and promotes the social model of health, which provides a framework for community practice. The social foundations of health include the social context in which people live, work and play, as well as a wide range of social, economic, cultural, environmental and political factors that influence the health of every person and population group. Collectively, these are known as the determinants of health. This chapter reviews the social model of health as it has developed since the 1970s, from primary health care and health equity through to the social determinants of health.ObjectivesWhen you have read this chapter, you should be able to:
understand the social basis of health and the key social determinants of health;
recognise the social model of health in theory and practice;
apply social perspectives to community nursing practice.

Key terms

health, social model of health, health equity, primary health care, primary care, health promotion, social and economic determinants of health

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