Community Nursing Practice: Theory, Skills and Issues

By Winsome St John; Helen Keleher | Go to book overview
Helen Keleher
4
HISTORICAL NURSING RESPONSES
TO COMMUNITY HEALTH NEEDS
IN AUSTRALIA
OverviewNurses have responded to the health needs of communities by becoming community-based providers of care and protection since the nursing and public health reforms of the nineteenth century. The terms 'community nurse' and 'district nurse' are commonly used in Australia, while the less familiar term 'public health nurse' was used in Australia and is still widely used in other countries. Nurses' work in community sectors historically has always been a product of the social and medical environments of the day, but a common theme is that nurses have developed models of practice to assist communities and individuals to remain healthy, and reduce the impact of threats to health on people's lives. This chapter provides a background to understanding how both district and early public health nurses were predecessors of contemporary community nurses.ObjectivesWhen you have read this chapter, you should be able to:
identify paradigms that have guided the development of community nursing in Australia;
understand a range of historical influences on the development of various types of community nursing;
identify various forms of contemporary community health nursing.

Key terms

illness paradigm; public health paradigm; hospital-centrism; public health nursing in Australia; district nursing; nursing organizations

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