Abandonment: The abrupt, unjustified dissolution by a health care provider of a duty to a patient without the patient's consent or foreknowledge.
Absolute privilege: The protection, granted under law, to the confidentiality of communications between an attorney and the attorney's client.
Administrative agency: A department of government that promulgates, administers, and enforces the statutory laws enacted by that government.
Administrative laws: Those rules and regulations created and enforced by administrative agencies in order to enforce statutory laws.
Admissions of fact: Written requests by both sides asking each other to admit to, or deny, certain facts concerning the issues presented in a lawsuit.
Advance directive: A written, signed, legal document that defines a competent individual's wishes regarding life-sustaining medical intervention on his or her behalf in the event that he or she would become incompetent.
Affidavit: A declaration or written statement of facts made voluntarily and while under an oath administered by an officer of a court or by a notary.
Affirmative defense: A challenge by the defendant to the plaintiff's legal right to bring a lawsuit rather than a challenge to the veracity of the plaintiff's claims.