|pre-1996–||According to a 1996 report, access to the Vatican Archives records was very limited: about two hundred research permits were issued every year. Records produced after 1922 (Pope Benedict XV's death) were closed for research. A special eleven-volume collection of documents on World War II, however, was published by a special team (Pierre Blet et al., Actes et documents du Saint-Siège relatifs à la seconde guerre mondiale "Vatican City 1965–81"). In 1999 a scholarly commission of Jewish and Roman Catholic historians would take the collection as the basis for a study of the role of Pope Pius XII (1876–1958) during World War II, in particular his silence during the Holocaust. For their October 2000 study, they were not allowed to consult Pope Pius XII's diaries and memos.|
Also see Germany (1996: the Pope), Poland (1978 & 1997: the Pope).
Cantor, N.F., Inventing the Middle Ages: The Lives, Works, and Ideas of the Great Medievalists of the Twentieth Century (New York 1991) 31.
Fryskén, A., "Archives for Millennia", Archivum, 1996, no.42: 330.
Index on Censorship, 2/99: 79; 1/00: 113.
Keesings Historisch Archief, 2000: 677.
|pre-1945||Among the historians and others concerned with the past who emigrated before 1945 (and living in exile after 1944) was Miguel Acosta Saignes (1908–89).|