Ballad—A narrative song, e.g., "Tarn Lin."
Circular story—A story in which the main character ends up in the same place or condition from which he started, e.g., Once a Mouse by Marcia Brown.
Cumulative tale—A repetitive tale that builds on the last action, characterized by minimum plot and maximum rhythm, e.g., "The Gingerbread Boy."
Droll—A humorous story about sillies or numbskulls, e.g., "When Shlemiel Went to Warsaw" by Isaac Bashevis Singer.
Epic—A cycle of tales centered around one hero, e.g., The Green Hero:
Early Adventures of Finn McCool by Bernard Evslin. Fable—A brief story that teaches a moral lesson, e.g., Aesop's fables.
Usually the main characters are animals that speak as humans.
Fairy tale—A story involving the "little people' (fairies, elves, pixies, gnomes, dwarfs, brownies, leprechauns), e.g., "The Woman Who Flummoxed the Fairies."
Folklore—The traditional creations of the folk or common people, comprising beliefs and superstitions, customs, recipes, weather lore, proverbs, riddles, songs and dances, arts and crafts, etc.
Folktale—A narrative story that comes from the oral tradition. Equivalent to "Traditional tale."
Formula tale—A story with a predictable pattern that makes it easy to learn and to tell, e.g., "Toads and Diamonds." See Putting the World in a Nutshell by Sheila Dailey.
Fractured fairy tale—A traditional tale retold from a different point of view to create a parody, e.g., The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs! by A. Wolf as told to Jon Scieszka.
Hero tale—A tale that recounts the exploits of a human hero who embodies the ideals of a culture, e.g., The Story of King Arthur and His Knights by Howard Pyle.