Time Line of the Early Black Arts
and Black Power Movements
1954 Supreme Court rules that segregation in schools violates the Fourteenth Amendment in Brown v. Board of Education.
1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott begins. Freedom ends publication. Bandung Conference in Indonesia is held.
1956 NNLC folds. Khrushchev gives "secret speech" about Stalin to Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Civil Rights Congress ceases.
1957 The SCLC is formed with Martin Luther King Jr. as president. Eisenhower orders federal troops to Little Rock. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957 (voting rights legislation). Grace Lee Boggs becomes editor of Correspondence. Ghana becomes independent. First International Congress of Negro Writers and Artists takes place in Senegal. AMSAC is organized.
1959A Raisin in the Sun opens on Broadway. Market Place Gallery readings are initiated in Harlem.