Underground" in Czechoslovakia, October 13,1968 (Excerpts)
Source: TsKhSD, F. 4, Op. 21, D. 32, LI. 99–157.
This 59-page document, compiled by the First Main Directorate of the KGB under the supervision of
Aleksei Sakharovskii, provides a response to requests for information from the East German and Polish
authorities. It is signed by KGB chief Yuri Andropov.
The first sections of the report address alleged activities of the "counterrevolutionary underground"
before the invasion, although it fails to present any evidence that the reform process was subverted or
manipulated by a small group of conspirators. The sections of the report focusing on the post-invasion
situation highlight the extent of non-violent resistance to the invasion, and the hostile reception that
Warsaw pact troops encountered everywhere they went, contradicting earlier KGB predictions that the
invasion would be welcomed by the Czechoslovak public. The KGB authors blame the widespread
opposition on the manipulations of the "right-revisionist and extremist elements in the CPCz leadership."
(See also Documents Nos. 20, 28, and 131.)
COMMITTEE FOR STATE SECURITY OF SPECIAL DOSSIER
THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE USSR
13 October 1968
TO THE CPSU CC
In connection with the request by the German and Polish friends to transmit information to them about Czechoslovakia, the Committee for State Security believes it would be advisable to send the attached report about the activity of the counterrevolutionary underground in the ČSSR, which was prepared on the basis of intelligence materials, to the leadership of the GDR and PPR state security organs.
We request approval.
Attachment: 59 pages
CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE FOR STATE SECURITY
78The report was approved in mid-October 1968 by the KGB chairman. Yuri Andropov, who then sent it to the CPSU
CC Secretariat for final approval. The text was edited for style and brevity by Mikhail Suslov, a senior member of both
the CPSU CC Politburo and the CPSU CC Secretariat, whose handwritten changes were still present on the copy of the
document stored in the former CPSU CC archives. When Suslov was done with his editing, he wrote "Approved" on the
cover memorandum and signed it along with Konstantin Katushev and Boris Ponomarev. Next to their signatures is a
subsequent comment that reads: "Comments incorporated. Andropov." On the back of the cover memorandum is an
archival notation indicating that the revised document was transmitted to the East German and Polish state security
organs, at Suslov's instruction, on 28 October 1968.