on Soviet Troop Deployments, October 1968
Source: TsKhSD, F. 5, Op. 60, D. 19, LI. 259–282.
This top-secret report was compiled by the Ideological Department of the CPCz Central Committee
with assistance from relevant ČSSR government ministries shortly after the bilateral treaty on Soviet forces
was signed and ratified.
The report provides the official Czechoslovak perspective on the political, legal, economic, and military
aspects of the treaty. The authors claim that the treaty would "eliminate misunderstandings and restore
trust in our relations "with the "Five "Warsaw Pact countries and "bring an end to a period in which our
relations with the five socialist countries were very unclear, ill-defined, and seriously complicated as a
result of the August events." While the report acknowledges that "the duration of the treaty was not
definitively established," the writers optimistically insist that the "presence of the "Soviet" troops clearly
"will be" only temporary." They also maintain that the Soviet troops in Czechoslovakia "are stationed
here for our protection against foreign enemies "and "will not interfere in the internal affairs of the ČSSR."
At the same time, however, the report notes that "the treaty establishes definite limits on the exercise of
Czechoslovak state sovereignty" and that the Soviet "troops will have a certain influence "on Czechoslo-
vakia's internal affairs" by the very fact of their presence."
The Central Committee intended this report only for internal use; but a copy quickly leaked to the Soviet
embassy in Prague. The Soviet ambassador in Czechoslovakia, S. V. Chervonenko, then relayed the
document "on a confidential basis" to senior officials in Moscow.
(See also Document No. 121.)
In Regard to the Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaty on the Conditions of the Temporary Presence of Soviet Troops on the Territory of the ČSSR
I. Meaning and Contents of the Treaty II. Juridical, Economic, and Military Aspects of the
Presence of Soviet Troops
A publication of the CPCz CC Ideological Department
in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry
of National Defense, and the Ministry of Finance
In Regard to the Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaty on the Conditions for the Temporary Presence of Soviet Troops on the Territory of the ČSSR