Although teachers sometimes feel pulled in many different directions—at one moment serving as a counselor, at another moment as a business manager—a unifying thread runs through the entire framework for teaching and provides an organizing structure. That thread consists of engaging students in learning important content. All the components of the framework serve this primary purpose. And in pursuit of important learning, a teacher creates, with the students, a community of learners, where all students feel respected and honored.
Each of the four domains of the framework refers to a distinct aspect of teaching. To some degree, the components within each domain form a coherent body of knowledge and skill that can be the subject of focus independent of the other domains. This chapter describes each domain, identifies common themes that run through the components, and explains the concepts underlying the four levels of performance that are displayed by teachers with different levels of skill.
The components in Domain 1 describe how a teacher organizes the content that the students are to learn—how the teacher designs instruction (see Figure 3.1). The domain covers all aspects of instructional planning, beginning with a deep