Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man, 1670-1752

By Jonathan I. Israel | Go to book overview

Index
Abbasid Caliphate 635–9
absolute space 206–11, 361, 752, 762, 764, 769
Abu Muslim Khorasani (AD. c. 728–755) ('Abusmuslimus') 636–8
Aepinus, Franz Albrecht (1673–1750), German Lutheran theologian 178–9
Africa and the Africans 590, 594, 598, 603–4, 606–10, 683
heathenism 606–7
missionaries 606–8
Royal Africa Company 604–5
Aitzema, Lieuwe van (1600–69), Dutch historian and reputed 'atheist' 165, 248
d'Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–83), philosophe 5–6, 37, 40, 92, 205, 297, 481, 829
anglicisme 364, 772, 791, 846–7
critique of aristocracy 565–8
dynamics 763–4, 849
equality 567–8
materialism 366, 848
Newtonianism 763–4, 772, 780, 791, 846–7
relations with Diderot 222, 840–3, 845, 853–4
Traité de dynamique (1743) 764
Discours préliminaire à l'Encyclopédie (1751) 3, 5, 780, 846
Alexander of Aphrodisas (3rd cent. AD), Aristotelian philosopher 443, 484
Algemeen Historisch Geographisch en Genealogisch Woordenboek (1724), world's first encyclopaedia 439, 632
al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammed ibn Muhammed (1058–1111), Muslim theologian 627, 630
allegory, as hermeneutical technique 420, 430, 526–7, 624
al-Mahdi, (Caliph AD: 775–85) 637–8
al-Ma'mun, Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad (reigned: AD. 813–33) 621
al- Rawandi, Abu al-Husayn ibn (AD.c. 815–c.900) Iranian freethinker 633–8
al-Razi, Abu Bakr (AD.c. 854–925), (Rhazes) Iranian freethinker 633–7
Altdorf University (Nuremberg) 180, 444
Altona see Hamburg-Altona American colonies 7–8, 38, 63, 117, 137, 143–4, 353–4, 356, 368, 371, 604–5, 608
republicanism 241–2, 613
American (Virginia and Carolina) gentry 242, 288
American Revolution, preface p. x 14, 242, 334, 368, 613
Amerindians 379, 498, 590–4, 598–600, 608–9
beliefs 601–2
despoliation of, by Europeans 590–1, 596
alleged egalitarianism 599–602
sexual attitudes 379, 601–3
Amis des Noirs 606
Amsterdam 30–1, 120
book censorship 31, 34–5, 41, 122, 145, 160, 394, 494
clandestine book trade 31, 34–5, 377–80
Collegiants and Socinians 29, 120–3, 379–80, 384
Doelistenbeweging (1747–8) 400, 550, 557
Jews 29, 99–100, 155, 386–7, 625
Nil volentibus arduum (literary society) 629
regent oligarchy 246, 357, 397–8, 400, 402, 550
Remonstrant Academy 423
rioting during 1747–8 revolution 383, 399–400, 402
Analytical philosophy 13, 15, 59 473
Anaximander and Anaximandrian atheism 437, 441, 447, 452, 480, 506, 524
Anglican Church 63, 116–17, 137, 140, 150, 243, 330, 332–4, 345, 355, 563, 608
'Anglican Counter-Enlightenment' 332–4, 344–5, 352–3, 563
anglomanie and anglicisme 38, 344–71, 548, 748, 755, 761–2, 769–72
animals, as philosophical category 532, 536, 546, 554, 592, 734–5, 740–1, 744–7, 776, 791, 799, 849
'animal souls' 733–5, 746, 776–7
Anna, empress of Russia (reigned: 1730–40) 309, 311–13, 317
Annales School of historians 18–23
Anne, Queen of England (reigned: 1702–14) 333–4, 352
anti-colonialism 42, 590–614, 865–6, 868–9, 871
anti-convulsionistes 707–8, 710–11
anti-philosophie see Counter-Enlightenment anti-Trinitarianism, see Socinians Apocrypha 421–2, 425
Arendt, Hannah 9

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