Up to this point all design questions have dealt with content issues and instructional issues. This question deals with a staple of classroom management—the design and implementation of classroom rules and procedures. Regardless of how well behaved students in a given class might be, they still need rules and procedures. Although rules and procedures should be established at the beginning of a school year, there are many times throughout the year when students need reminders or when rules and procedures must be added or altered. Without effective rules and procedures, teaching (and consequently learning) is inhibited.
In our classroom scenario, Mr. Hutchins spends substantial time crafting classroom rules and procedures during the first week. He announces to students that he has two rules only: treat each other with respect, and make the classroom a place of learning. He leaves it to the students to come up with specific behaviors, routines, and processes to ensure that these rules are followed.
On occasion throughout the year, he finds that one or more of the routines and processes require alterations. For example, initially he and the students establish the procedure that students must raise their hands and be called on before they can speak. However, he observes that this protocol seems to stifle discussions. He brings this up to students in a class meeting. Most students agree with his perception. As a result of a fairly lively discussion, the procedure is