A Long, Hot Summer
WHILE KING, ABERNATHY, Nixon, and the other black leaders were happy with the federal court's decision, they knew that their people had a long way to go before they could exercise their freedom without fear.
While in special session that spring, the Alabama Legislature, in one of its many moves to halt the civil rights movement, passed a resolution creating a five-member committee "to make a full inquiry into the activities of Communists and Communist-front organizations in this state with a view to determine whether the NAACP or any affiliated organization in this state is substantially directed, dominated, or controlled by Communists."
Following the legislature's lead, on June 1, 1956, Attorney General Patterson went into Montgomery Circuit Court and asked Judge Jones for a court order prohibiting the NAACP from operating in the state. Patterson said that such an injunction would protect the property and civil rights of Alabama citizens. Without an attorney present to represent the black group, Judge Walter B. Jones issued the order for the NAACP