The movement won a great victory in federal court. But after the people exercised their hard-earned right to take the first nonsegregated ride on the city buses, an atmosphere of hate and intolerance permeated Montgomery and, once again, the buses became a battleground.
On the same day that segregation on the buses ended, Sam Engelhardt asked the white people of Montgomery to begin their own boycott of the buses. He said the two federal judges, Johnson and Rives, were responsible for overthrowing segregation. He stated that "the real white people of Alabama" should never forget the names of the judges. "Nothing they can ever do would rectify this great wrong they have done to the good people of this state. Already more hate has been generated on this day than any day since the days of the carpetbag legislature.
"We are dedicated to the preservation of segregation by peaceful means. This we are striving to do. One way to