Leadership and Teams in Educational Management

By Megan Crawford; Lesley Kydd et al. | Go to book overview

6
Motivation in education*

COLIN RICHES


Work motivation and its relevance to management

The understanding of motivation and managing motivation

A study of work motivation has two basic strands: first, why people behave in the way they do in the workplace, and secondly, how they can be helped to engage in work behaviours which are beneficial to the organization – and themselves. If the experience of work has a negative effect on individuals they cannot give of their best in that sphere of their lives. If we are to make some relevant application of theoretical knowledge about motivation in educational management we need to understand something about the relationship between theories of motivation and theories of managing motivation. This will be an important consideration in this chapter.

Motivating people to get results through them is central to the purposes of management: 'Apart from developing the skill to work well … we need to look for ways of developing the will to work well' (Evenden and Anderson 1992). Motivation and its management is a core element of human resource management (HRM) just as the whole of the latter is the backbone of all effective management:

Of all the resources at the disposal of a person or organization it is only people
who can grow and develop and be motivated to achieve certain desired ends.
The attaining of targets for the organization is in their hands and it is the way
people are managed … which is at the heart of HRM … and optimum man-
agement.

(Riches and Morgan 1989: 1)

An expanding interest in motivation has arisen because of an increasing emphasis on HRM. Katz and Kahn (1978) have argued that organizations need people who are:

* This material has been edited and was originally published as 'Motivation'.

-88-

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Leadership and Teams in Educational Management
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Part 1 - Leading and Leadership 7
  • 1: Leadership as an Organizational Quality 9
  • 2: Dimensions of Leadership 24
  • 3: Primary Headship and Leadership 40
  • 4: Critical Leadership Studies 61
  • 5: Women in Educational Management 73
  • 6: Motivation in Education 88
  • 7: Managing Stress in Educational Organizations 103
  • 8: Managing Conflict in Organizations 110
  • Part 2 - Working in Teams 117
  • 9: Staff Teams and Their Management 119
  • 10: The Dynamics of Teams 130
  • 11: Headship and Effective Teams in the Primary School 144
  • 12: Managers Communicating 156
  • 13: Communication in Educational Management 165
  • 14: Effective Teambuilding 179
  • Index 189
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