|•||Are you commenting on the action, subject or anything else?|
|•||Are you defining or describing something else in the sentence?|
|•||Which words are your signposts?|
In this chapter, we look more closely at how to expand a simple sentence using dependent clauses. In Chapter 7, we saw how conjunctions could be used to create clauses that were dependent or subordinate to the main clause. There are other kinds of subordinate clauses too, with different types of link. In particular, students often have problems with what are called 'relative' clauses – and our case study shows some problems with other kinds of relatives as well (brothers!).
Relative clauses act like adjectives; they say something about a noun in the sentence. In the story, they say something about brothers, but it could easily be something else – such as photosynthesis or postmodernist thought!