Becoming a Teacher: Issues in Secondary Teaching

By Justin Dillon; Meg Maguire | Go to book overview

21 Citizenship and
citizenship education

Ann-Marie Brandom


Introduction

In 1999, the publication of the National Curriculum Orders for Citizenship established a new foundation subject in the revised National Curriculum. The inclusion of citizenship as a discrete subject was a direct result of the publication of the Final Report of the Advisory Group on Citizenship, now known as the Crick Report (Advisory Group on Citizenship 1998). When the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) drew up the Orders, which included the programmes of study and end of key stage descriptors, the then Department for Education and Employment (DfEE) set up a Ministerial Working Party in 2000 to oversee the introduction of the new subject.

At Key Stage 1, citizenship was introduced as part of the non-statutory framework for personal, social and health education (PSHE) in August 2001 (see Chapter 23). In August 2002, citizenship was introduced as part of the non-statutory PSHE framework at Key Stage 2 and as part of the National Curriculum at Key Stage 3. It was introduced as part of the statutory National Curriculum at Key Stage 4 in August 2004. The establishment of the Ministerial Working Party gave secondary schools two years to audit their practice and devise their individual responses to citizenship provision at Key Stage 3, in preparation for its introduction at Key Stage 4.

In fairness to many schools, provision for the subject already existed, either for historical reasons or because schools had implemented the non-statutory cross-curricular themes of the National Curriculum. These themes had been introduced in 1990 to augment the subject-based content of the National Curriculum. The five themes were: health education, citizenship, economic and industrial understanding, careers education and guidance, and environmental education. Schools were encouraged to include these 'themes' across the curriculum. In reality, with no official

-267-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Becoming a Teacher: Issues in Secondary Teaching
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 370

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.