1. Interestingly, there is little research that compares punitiveness across cultures (e.g., Newman, 1980). Much of the existing research on that topic employs
TABLE E.N. 1
Average Sentence Length in Months for Six Crimes
(Burglary (1), Motor Vehicle Theft (2), Robbery (3), Assault (4), Rape (5), Homicide (6), and the average sentence length for these offenses in each nation (7)) for Eight Nations (Percentage of U.S. Sentence Length in Parentheses).
This table was adapted from: Farrington, David P., Patrick Langan, and Michael Tonry, 2004, [Cross National Studies in Crime and Justice,] Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 200988, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ pdf/cnscj.pdf. Data for England/Wales, Canada, Netherlands, Scotland, and Switzerland are from 1999. Data for U.S., Australia, and Sweden are from 1996. Percentage scores are rounded to nearest whole number.