China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia

By Peter C. Perdue | Go to book overview

2

The Ming, Muscovy, and
Siberia, 1400–1600

EACH of the central players in our drama—the Manchu Qing empire, the Zunghar Mongolian state, and the Muscovite-Russian empire—had long experience with the steppe. Although they did not directly confront one another until the seventeenth century, the previous century set the stage and provided the ideological, material, and political resources with which they conducted their geopolitical game. This chapter briefly summarizes the story that led up to the seventeenth-century conflict and highlights some of the major issues confronting these Central Eurasian regimes in their efforts to dominate the steppe.

All narratives are selective. I begin with a brief discussion of the Ming dynasty background to the clash over the steppe, focusing on themes relevant to later analysis: the logistics of military supply, especially the interrelationship between frontier trade and horse purchases; the strategic decisions for attack and defense; and the consequences of these decisions for the structure of the state and for relations between the Han and Mongols.

The Ming rulers inherited problems with frontier defense faced by earlier Han-ruled dynasties. They practiced two different strategies, neither of which succeeded for long, and neither of which was imitated by the Qing. For the first half of the fifteenth century, they led aggressive campaigns against the Mongols, as far as the Orkhon, Onon, and Kerulen rivers. The military campaigns ended with the embarrassing capture of the Zhengtong emperor by Esen Khan in the Tumu incident of 1449. Parallel to the military campaigns, the Ming rulers launched logistical efforts to obtain ade

-51-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 725

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.