The idea for this book came to me after years of work, earlier in my career, on both German youth and various institutions of the Nazi movement, in particular the Nazi Party. Over several years, research for the book was generously supported by grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung (Konrad Adenauer Research Award), a two-year Senior Killam Fellowship of the Canada Council, and York University. Without this financial assistance, the opportunities for gathering basic materials from German, Austrian, and U.S. archives, as well as university release time to write, could never have been provided.
As my plan for the book took shape, I was able to present and discuss it in colloquia arranged by colleagues in North America and Germany. At York University, the Canadian Centre for German and European Studies, where I am based, arranged a meeting with faculty and students through the good offices of its directors, Jeffrey Peck and Mark Webber. At the Historisches Kolleg in Munich, Jürgen Reulecke, Reinhard Spree, Gerhard A. Ritter, Hans Mommsen, and Wolfgang Hardrwig convened colleagues for several hours of presentation and lively discussion. Hans Rudolf Vaget did the same for me at Smith College. Hartmut Lehmann of the Max Planck-Institut für Geschichte in Göttingen discussed with me some of my earlier ideas for this book, as did Jörg Wolff at the Institut für Rechtswissenschaften (Arbeitsgruppe