Marx's Concept of Man

By Karl Marx; Erich Fromm et al. | Go to book overview

From MARX'S "INTRODUCTION TO THE CRITIQUE OF HEGEL'S PHILOSOPHY OF LAW. CRITIQUE OF RELIGION"

The critique has plucked the imaginary flowers off the chain not in order that man wears the unimaginative, desolate chain, but in order that he throws off the chain and plucks the living flower. The critique of religion disappoints man for the purpose that he should think, act, create his reality like a disappointed man who has come to his senses in order that he moves around himself and thus around his real sun. Religion is only an illusory sun which moves around man as long as he does not move around himself....

The weapons of critique indeed cannot replace the critique of weapons; material force must be overthrown by material force, but the theory too becomes a material force once it gets hold of men. Theory is capable of getting hold of men once it demonstrates its truth with regard to man, once it becomes radical. To be radical is to grasp something at its roots. But for man the root is man himself.... The critique of religion ends with the idea that man is a supreme being for man. Hence with the categorical imperative change all circumstances in which man is a humiliated, enslaved, abandoned, contemptuous being.... The theory is realized in a nation only to the extent to which it is a realization of its true needs.

-220-

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Marx's Concept of Man
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents xi
  • 1 - The Falsification of Marx's Concepts 1
  • 2 - Marx's Historical Materialism 8
  • 3 - The Problem of Consciousness, Social Structure 20
  • 4 - The Nature of Man 25
  • 5 - Alienation 44
  • 6 - Marx's Concept of Socialism 59
  • 7 - The Continuity in Marx's Thought 70
  • 8 - Marx the Man 80
  • Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts 85
  • Translator's Notes 87
  • Preface to Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts 90
  • First Manuscript 93
  • Second Manuscript 110
  • Third Manuscript 119
  • From German Ideology 197
  • Preface to a Contribution to the Karl Marx Critique of Political Economy 217
  • From Marx's "Introduction to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Law. Critique of Religion" 220
  • Reminiscences of Marx 221
  • Jenny Marx to Joseph Weydemeyer 242
  • Karl Marx 248
  • Confession 257
  • Karl Marx's Funeral 258
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