Urban transportation planning is carried out primarily by state and local agencies. Over the years, much experience has been gained in the planning and evaluation of urban transportation systems. This knowledge can be useful to planners and decision makers in the development and implementation of transportation system changes. In this context, it is important to understand the transportation and planning options which have been tried, and how they developed into the approaches we have today. This book describes the evolution of urban transportation planning over the last 60 years.
This is the second edition of this book, which was first published in 1987. The earlier edition discussed urban transportation planning to mid-1986. This edition updates the evolution of urban transportation planning and policy to mid1998. It also contains some additions and revisions to the earlier edition. This book is an updated version of “Evolution of Urban Transportation Planning,” which was first published in 1979 as chapter 15 in Public Transportation: Planning, Operations, and Management, edited by George E. Gray and Lester L. Hoel. It was revised and published in 1992 as chapter 3 in Public Transportation, 2nd ed., edited by George E. Gray and Lester L. Hoel.
This book focuses on key events in the evolution of urban transportation planning, including developments in technical procedures, philosophy, processes, and institutions. But, planners also must be aware of changes in legislation, policy, regulations, and technology. These events have been included to provide a more complete picture of the forces that have affected and often continue to affect urban transportation planning.
Summarizing so much history in a single book requires difficult choices. The efforts of many individuals and groups made important contributions to the development of urban transportation planning. Clearly, not all of these contri-