Acid rain Literally, rain that is acidic in nature. As with all acids, it may burn what it comes into contact with. Acid rain destroys forests, kills life in lakes, and gets into the water table, causing problems for other vegetation. The main culprit for causing acid rain is burning fossil fuels. Amongst the gases that are emitted are sulfuric and nitrous oxides, which rise in the air and mix with water vapor, at which point they turn into sulfuric and nitric acids, hence creating acid rain.
Activities implemented jointly (AIJ) See Flexibility Mechanisms
Annex I parties Refers to the countries that are listed in Annex I of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The initial objective was to take emissions back to 1990 levels by 2000. New targets for 2008–2012 were then assigned to these countries under Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol. Annex I countries are: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, UK (Great Britain and Northern Ireland), the European Union (EU) and the USA.