The Marriage of Roman Soldiers (13 BC-AD 235): Law and Family in the Imperial Army

By Sara Elise Phang | Go to book overview

CHAPTER TEN
CHILDREN

The following topics concern those soldiers who did “marry” and had children, mostly in the second and third centuries A.D. This chapter will examine whether or not soldiers raised their children and whether or not they were legitimated at their fathers’ discharge, as many assume.


1. Exposure and Infanticide

The soldiers’ children seem to have been socially legitimate; as the children of socially existent “marriages,” they were supported by their fathers—given that their fathers decided to raise them. This concerns one of the most emotive and debated topics in Greco-Roman social history, the exposure or infanticide of unwanted children.1 It is usually assumed that ancient methods of contraception and abortion (herbal remedies, mechanical methods, superstitious practices) were ineffective; the birth of unwanted children must have been frequent.2 The ancient authors show that parents sometimes practiced “family planning” after birth, by abandoning the newborn baby in a deserted place; active infanticide (smothering, drowning) was much rarer. In Greek and Roman literature, exposed infants were miraculously nursed by wild animals or saved by foster parents, but most

1 The problem is most debated in the Greek period. Golden (1981), 316–31;
W. Harris (1982), 114–16; Garland (1985), 80–81; Patterson (1985), 103–23; Golden
(1990), 87ff. Sallares (1991), 134–36; 151–57 minimizes the practice for the classi-
cal Greek period, but accepts it as common in the Roman period. Roman: W. Harris
(1980), 122; Boswell (1984), 10–33; Boswell (1988), 53–137; Parkin (1992), 95–101;
W. Harris (1994), 44–65.

2 Hopkins (1965–66) 124–51; Eyben (1980–81) 5–82 views some methods as
effective. Parkin (1992), 126–29 follows Hopkins. Riddle (1992) argues for the
effectiveness of many herbs and plants described as contraceptive or abortive in the
ancient medical authors. Riddle is criticized by W. Harris (1994), 57–58 and most
cogently by Frier (1994) 318–33: family limitation could not be practiced under the
ancient world’s mortality conditions.

-296-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Marriage of Roman Soldiers (13 BC-AD 235): Law and Family in the Imperial Army
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 471

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.