Kingship and Politics in the Late Ninth Century: Charles the Fat and the End of the Carolingian Empire

By Simon Maclean | Go to book overview

OUTLINE CHRONOLOGY
839Birth of Charles the Fat.
840Death of Louis the Pious, followed by civil wars between his sons.
841Battle of Fontenoy.
843Tr eaty of Verdun: empire divided into east, west and middle kingdoms.
870Tr eaty of Meersen: Lotharingia divided between east and west Francia.
875Death of Louis II of Italy without heir, followed by extended struggle for power.
876Death of Louis the German: east Francia divided between his sons (Karlmann of Bavaria, Louis the Younger of Franconia/Saxony, Charles the Fat of Alemannia and Alsace).
877Death of Charles the Bald, succeeded by his son Louis the Stammerer.
879Death of Louis the Stammerer and abdication of Karlmann after a stroke. Viking Great Army returns to Continent.
879-80West Frankish succession dispute, kingdom divided between Louis III and Carloman II.
880Remaining four Carolingians defeat usurper Boso of Vienne and come to sworn agreement at Vienne. Treaty provides for political cooperation, mutual succession and resolution of territorial disputes. Lotharingia reunited.
880-4Deaths of three of the four parties to the Vienne agreement, all without heir: Louis the Younger (882), Louis III (882) and Carloman II (884). Charles the Fat inherits all of their kingdoms. He is also crowned emperor by the pope in 881.
882Charles besieges Vikings at Asselt, and pays ransom.
882-5Intense Viking activity, especially in northern Francia.
885Emperor blinds and imprisons his cousin Hugh of Lotharingia, and attempts to limit the political power of his nephew Arnulf of Carinthia.

-xv-

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