Trajectories through the New Testament and the Apostolic Fathers

By Andrew F. Gregory; Christopher M. Tuckett | Go to book overview

20
The Martyrdom of Polycarp and the
New Testament Passion Narratives

Michael W. Holmes

A surprising feature of the Martyrdom of Polycarp, a document that explicitly declares its intention to describe a ‘martyrdom in accord with the gospel’ (Mart. Pol. 1. 1; cf. 19. 1), is that nowhere in the course of its narrative does it ever quote a gospel or a saying of Jesus. At the same time, there are numerous apparent parallels and allusions to gospel tradition, which in the opinion of many provide the key to understanding Polycarp’s martyrdom as an imitation of the passion of Jesus. This unusual circumstance—the seemingly central role of gospel parallels in a document that never cites a gospel—calls for further investigation. I propose to look first at the relationship (if any) between the Martyrdom of Polycarp and the gospels,1 and second at the relationship between the meaning of a martyrdom ‘according to the gospel’ and the parallels with the gospel tradition, and its significance for understanding the Martyrdom.


THE GOSPELS IN THE MARTYRDOM OF POLYCARP

In this section, the focal question is relatively straightforward: is there any demonstrable evidence that the author of the Martyrdom of Polycarp has made use of any of the written gospels now included in the canonical New Testament? The question is limited to the gospels for the moment, because features intrinsic to the Martyrdom of Polycarp (noted in the preceding paragraph) direct particular attention to the gospels.2

1 It will be noticed that The New Testament in the Apostolic Fathers (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1905) did not include the Martyrdom of Polycarp in its purview.

2 The rest of the New Testament is discussed in an appendix at the end of this essay.

-407-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Trajectories through the New Testament and the Apostolic Fathers
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 506

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.