Perception and China Policy in India
Steven A. Hoffmann
Some Indian self-perceptions and strategic beliefs do much to frame and elucidate the perceptions of China held by India's foreign policy—making elite. A crucial self-perception is that India is a state of major potential and future international importance. It possesses a great power's worldview, even if its role in international security affairs has been modest. India is entering a new phase in terms of its world role as its power-related resources increase. India is surely a rising power and should already be entitled to a major power's international prominence. Resistance by the top-tier, nuclear-have nations of the world (China among them) to greater acceptance of India, both as a major state and as a legitimate nuclearweapons state, must be addressed actively via Indian diplomacy.
An additional self-perception predicts that Indian interests and values will be best served by a multipolar or polycentric world order in the future. Multipolarity/polycentrism in the world power structure therefore is to be preferred (or so a closely related argument goes) over the unipolar order