The Nuclear and Security Balance
This chapter begins by summarizing the historical drivers of China's and India's nuclear and ballistic missile programs and policies. It then describes the current status of these programs and policies and their likely future trajectories. A separate section analyzes Chinese motivations in assisting Pakistan's nuclear and missile programs. The chapter concludes with a comparative discussion of China's and India's approaches toward major arms control and nonproliferation initiatives.
The past and current dynamics affecting China's and India's nuclear policies and the two states' interactions are too various and complicated to allow neat definitions or future projections. India has not been factored heavily into China's nuclear policy making, and China has been only one of several important factors influencing India's nuclear policies. Since the early 1990s China's profile in India's threat assessment has grown, primarily because of Beijing's assistance to Pakistan's nuclear and missile programs. Thus, a complex web of domestic and international relationships