Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

By Roberto Cabeza; Lars Nyberg et al. | Go to book overview

13
Cognitive Training in Healthy Aging
A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Lars Nyberg

In the long run, assessment of maximum reserve capacity aspires to iden-
tify biological boundaries of the plasticity of development.

—P. B. Baltes (1987, p. 618)

Atheoretical perspective on life span development holds that there is much plasticity in the course of development, with plasticity defined as within-person variability designating the potential for various forms of behavior or development (Baltes, 1987). The results from a number of studies provide empirical evidence that sizable plasticity is evident in old age. On the other hand, there seems to be substantial age differences in plasticity, such that the potential to benefit from certain forms of intervention is greater in younger age. As illustrated by the quotation above, it is therefore important to search for potential as well as constraints and to identify biological boundaries of plasticity.

This chapter is written along these lines. The first part of the review section is concerned with studies of the effectiveness of various forms of cognitive training on the performance of younger and older adults. The second part of the review presents results from structural and functional neuroimaging studies that may speak to the issue of which neurobiological factors explain reduced plasticity in older age. Finally, in the concluding section, some important and unresolved issues for future research are highlighted.


Review of Empirical Studies

It should be noted that this review is selective rather than comprehensive. By presenting the results of relevant studies, the goal of the review is fourfold, to illustrate (1) the potential for plasticity in older age, (2) limitations of plasticity in older age,

-309-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 400

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.