Learning to Read Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar

By Robert Ray Ellis | Go to book overview

Lesson 4
MAQQEF, DAGESH, VOWEL ALTERATIONS

4A MAQQEF
1. When two or more words are closely linked together in meaning, they may be joined together by the symbol ‾ which is called a maqqef ( = “binder”).
▸ In (“king of Israel” [1Sa 29:3]) a maqqef links two nouns, forming a genitival phrase.1
▸ In (“upon the earth” [Ge 1:11]) a maqqef links a preposition ( = “upon”) and a noun ( = “the earth”), forming a prepositional phrase.
▸ In (“and it was morning” [Ge 1:5]) a maqqef links a verb ( = “and it was”) and a predicate noun = “morning”), forming a verb clause.
2. When words are linked by a maqqef they are considered to be one word for the purposes of pronunciation and accenting. Thus a word group which is linked by a maqqef has a major accent only on the last or next to last syllable of the whole word group, rather than having major accents on each of the words linked by the maqqef. This shift of accent to the end of a word group may cause an alteration of vowels in the words that the maqqef links together.
= bēn (“son”) and = ʾaḇ/rā/hām (“Abraham”) each have a major accent when they stand alone. However, when linked by a maqqef in the phrase = Ben-ʾaḇ/rā/hām2 (“son of Abraham” [Ge 25:12]), they are treated as if they are one word. Consequently, only the last syllable of receives a major accent, and loses its accent. Since has become a closed, unaccented syllable, its vowel shortens from the long vowel sere () to the short vowel segol ().
▸ When the words = k014D;l (“all”) and = hā/ʿām (“the people”) are linked by a maqqef in the phrase = kol-hā/ʿām (“all of the people”

1 See Lesson 7A.1b.

2 A hyphen in transliteration represents a maqqef.

-32-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Learning to Read Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 387

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.