Learning to Read Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar

By Robert Ray Ellis | Go to book overview

Lesson 13
PERFECT CONJUGATION IN THE
OTHER MAJOR STEMS,
SUMMARY OF THE PERFECT CONJUGATION

13A PERFECT CONJUGATION IN THE OTHER MAJOR STEMS

1. Introduction
a. As stated previously, the strong verb occurs in seven major stems, each of which has its own connotations. The last lesson introduced all of the stems in general and the perfect, qal stem in particular. The purpose of this section is to introduce the forms of the strong perfect verb in the other six major stems.
b. The qal stem is the basis for the formation of the other stems. They, like qal, take the perfect suffixes, which indicate the person, gender, and number of a verb. The major accent of a perfect verb remains on the same syllable in the other stems as it does in qal — except for two forms in hifil. In addition to these common features, each stem has unique elements, as described in the following discussion.

2. Perfect conjugation in the nifal stem
a. The right column in the following chart presents the forms of the perfect, nifal verb for the root ; the left column has the perfect, qal forms of this same verb for comparison. As indicated in the last lesson, the nifal stem usually serves as the passive of qal, in which case it conveys simple action in the passive voice, as the translation indicates.

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