Teenagers and Community Service: A Guide to the Issues

By Maureen E. Kenny; Laura A. Gallagher | Go to book overview

2
Chronology

Community service has a long tradition in American society. A commitment to helping one's neighbor was critical to the survival of American pioneers, who faced dangers and scarcity in their travels across the country. For many years, a number of voluntary associations, including 4-H, Girl and Boy Scouts, and the YMCA, have introduced American youth to the experience of community service. National service programs, such as the Youth Conservation Corps, the Peace Corps, VISTA, and the Job Corps, have also involved youth and young adults in seeking solutions to social and economic problems within our country and abroad. During the social activist period of the 1960s, organizations such as the National Commission on Resources for Youth were also formed to provide youth with socially meaningful roles that would prepare them for adult life. Dating back to the Morrill Act of 1862, our nation s colleges have held a commitment to serving the local community and preparing students to be productive and engaged workers and citizens. Similarly, an important function of the public school system has been to prepare students for future roles as contributing citizens in their communities and nation.

In conjunction with the American commitment to service, Americans have historically demonstrated a high degree of individualism. Intellectuals like Alexis de Tocqueville in the 1830s and John Dewey in the early 1900s noted a potential conflict between social responsibility and individualism in American life. According to de Tocqueville and Dewey, citizens in a democratic society must be concerned for the overall good of

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Teenagers and Community Service: A Guide to the Issues
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Series Foreword vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • 1 - Overview 1
  • 2 - Chronology 71
  • 3 - Biographical Sketches 89
  • 4 - Facts and Data 121
  • 5 - Directory of Organizations, Associations, and Government and International Agencies 171
  • 6 - Selected Resources 227
  • Glossary 291
  • Index 293
  • About the Authors 303
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