A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 21: Organizational Principles of
the Czechoslovak Army, November 22, 1962
This set of organizational principles for the Czechoslovak army is included because it shows clearly how the emphasis of Warsaw Pact strategy had shifted to offense. (See Document No. 7 by comparison.) Offensive combat is seen as the main form of com- bat, and the Czechoslovaks continue to be expected to fight independently for at least 10-12 days before Soviet reinforcements would appear. The new stress on offense was one of the important consequences of the Berlin crisis.Organizational Principles of the Czechoslovak Army"…"
a. "…" Offensive warfare is the essential and principal form of combat and the only means to achieve victory over the enemy. This is reflected in the first principle of the development of the Czechoslovak People's Army: to build an army which, in addition to being able to handle other types of warfare, possesses primarily offensive capabilities.
b. The role and position of the Czechoslovak People's Army in the defense system of the Warsaw Treaty, as well as the specific mission the Czechoslovak People's Army has been entrusted with by the Supreme Command of the Unified Armed Forces, are reflected in the second principle: our army must be structured and built to be able to mount an independent front-sized operation.16 Taking into account the first principle, it follows that the Czechoslovak People's Army must, first and foremost, be capable of mounting and conducting an offensive front-sized operation. In the event of a surprise attack, our army would be required to conduct initial operations on its own for 10 to 12 days, until the next operational echelon arrives and is deployed. "…"

From a strategic viewpoint, it is necessary to possess such peacetime armed forces as would be able to acquire the strategic initiative early in the war, and thus ensure achievement of the immediate strategic objective.

Of the total number of armed forces needed and able to achieve strategic objectives, the following elements are maintained in continuous combat readiness:

strategic forces and assets in a structure needed to achieve war objectives;
an air defense system; and
certain other parts of the Czechoslovak armed forces.

Some armies and divisions from the ground and air forces, which are earmarked for conducting opening operations and stationed close to the border, must be main-

16 "Front" is a term of Soviet origin describing the organization of forces within a theater of operations.

-137-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 734

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.