A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 29: Albanian Note to the Political
Consultative Committee, January 15, 1965

The Albanian government sent this note to other Warsaw Pact members in advance of a PCC meeting. The note was presented as a substitute for the Albanians' presence at the session. In it, the Albanians declare that Khrushchev, who was recently deposed, violated the principles of the Warsaw Pact by arbitrarily obstructing their participation in the alliance, and argue furthermore that the Soviet Union broke bilateral treaties with Tirana. They particularly criticize the Soviet military for appropriating eight submarines the Albanians claimed were theirs. For this and other breaches, the Albanians appeal to the PCC to condemn Moscow, and ask that various conditions be put in place to guarantee full and equal participation for all alliance members. These conditions include restitution by the Soviet Union of all damages arising from the rupture of relations and termination of economic assistance as well as the resumption of diplomatic relations. Intriguingly, the Albanians also demand annulment of the 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty between the Soviet Union, United States and Great Britain on the grounds that it had been signed without consultation with Warsaw Pact members. The memo also asserts that the Warsaw Pact must defend the GDR and that a separate peace treaty with it should be concluded, rejecting what it calls Khrushchev's "capitulationist" policy on this issue. Another interesting demand is that, as a counter-measure to the Multilateral Force (MLF) project that envisaged the sharing of U.S. nuclear weapons among the NATO allies, the Warsaw Pact should allow for similar sharing by all its members. Far from being sympathetic, the PCC responded by excluding Albania from participation in all future deliberations of the alliance.

Comrades!

The government of the People's Republic of Albania has received the note of January 5, 1965, in which the government of the People's Republic of Poland—as the government of the host country of the PCC meeting—invites the People's Republic of Albania to attend the meeting of the Warsaw Treaty's Political Consultative Committee taking place in Warsaw on January 19, 1965.

The government of the People's Republic of Albania considers it necessary to explain its point of view in this context: "…"

Following the orders of the Soviet government under N. Khrushchev, the People's Republic of Albania had been, completely arbitrarily as well as illegally, de facto excluded from the Warsaw Treaty since 1961.

"…" In order to join meetings of the Warsaw Treaty "…" it is necessary for the Albanian government that the following legitimate demands be met in advance:

I. All arbitrary violations of the stipulations and spirit of the Warsaw Treaty which the Soviet government has committed against the People's Republic of Albania must be acknowledged as illegal and hostile actions, and condemned. "…"

II. The Albanian government demands that the Soviet government return imme-

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