A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 58: Letter from the East German Deputy
Defense Minister to Erich Honecker about His Conversation
with Marshal Iakubovskii, August 31, 1968

This letter from Gen. Heinz Kessler to GDR leader Erich Honecker provides a per- spective on the delicate matter of East German participation in the Czechoslovak invasion. The issue was sensitive given the Czechs' memories of German occupation during World War II. In a conversation between Kessler and Warsaw Pact Supreme Commander Iakubovskii about how to treat the NVA's participation in public, the Soviet marshal decided, apparently on his own initiative, that it should be mentioned only in general terms, and not include any references to specific deployments. Iakubovskii reveals that reconnaissance and transport units were in fact deployed on Czechoslovak territory. (See also Document No. 56.) In his conversation with Kessler, Iakubovskii leaves open the possibility that those units earmarked for possible deploy- ment but not yet used—one rifle division and one tank division—may still be called upon and should remain on alert.

"…"

As ordered, I asked Cde. Marshal of the Soviet Union Iakubovskii his opinion on the following questions:

1. In which framework it appears to be appropriate to give, with the help of press, radio, and television, a public account of the participation of formations and units of the National People's Army in the joint undertaking "Danube."

2. Whether the possibility of an assignment of the formations and units of Military District III (11th Motorized Rifle Division, 7th Tank Division) in the ordered directions on Czechoslovak territory is still being considered.

Cde. Marshal of the Soviet Union Iakubovskii explained that a public reporting met his full approval. The National People's Army in general and the formations and units designated for the joint undertaking "Danube" have to be seen as a component for the solution of the assigned tasks; and, in this context, a public account in press, radio, and television was possible and desirable.

He asked not to announce the specific areas of deployment and the direction of the actions. The same principle had been established during the past few days for all four armies involved in the measure.

Furthermore, he explained that, contingent on the development of the political situation, it was still necessary to strictly maintain the ordered combat readiness, and that it was possible that the 11th Motorized Rifle Division would be deployed as planned in the direction of Karlovy Vary and the 7th Tank Division in the direction Děčín–Prague.

"…"

"Source: VA-01/23454, BA-MA. Translated by Thomas Holderegger." 311

-311-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 734

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.