A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 60: Czechoslovak–Soviet Agreement on the
Stationing of Soviet Nuclear Forces, November 13–14, 1968

This document is a report by Chief of Gen. Staff Rusov to President Svoboda about the secret agreement governing the stationing of Soviet nuclear missiles in Czechoslo- vakia. The issue of Soviet nuclear deployments on the territory of other Warsaw Pact states was one of the most sensitive that arose within the alliance.31With respect to Czechoslovakia, the Soviet-led invasion added a new twist. A Czech author, Jiří Fid- ler, has asserted that one of the main reasons for the invasion was to force Czecho- slovakia to accept the Soviet missiles.32In fact, the two countries had signed agree- ments on the matter well before 1968, reflecting the view of certain senior Czechoslovak military and political leaders that having those weapons stationed on their territory provided additional security against the West. Although it is highly probable that the missle deployments occurred, there is no conclusive evidence on this point as yet.


INFORMATION REPORT

for the President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Comrade L. Svoboda

1. Based on the Agreement between the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, dated December 15, 1965, three facilities garrisoned by Soviet troops with special tasks will be established on our territory to ensure full combat readiness of the Czechoslovak People's Army (codeword project "Javor" "Maple"). Issues connected with the implementation of the project were communicated to you on October 23, 1968, and you have voiced your full approval of it.

2. At the moment, specific measures are going to be taken to hand over some of the facilities and buildings to designated Soviet special units.

Between November 13 and November 14, 1968, the General Staffs of the Armed Forces of the USSR and Czechoslovakia prepared a "Protocol" finalizing all issues related to the above project. The Czechoslovak side has succeeded in asserting all interests of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Czechoslovak People's Army in the Protocol.

31 Cf. Mark Kramer, "The 'Lessons' of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Warsaw Pact Nuclear Operations," Cold War International History Project Bulletin 5 (1995): 59, 110–15, 160.

32 Jiří Fidler, 21.8.1968: Okupace Československa: Bratrská agrese "August 21, 1968: The Occupation of Czechoslovakia: A Fraternal Aggression" (Prague: Havran, 2003), pp. 106–10.

-314-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 734

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.