A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 132: Memorandum of Kulikov–Honecker
Conversation, June 27, 1988

Mikhail Gorbachev's decision to change Warsaw Pact strategy met continued resistance from elements of the Soviet military. Here, almost a year later, Marshal Viktor Kulikov describes to GDR leader Erich Honecker the continuing problem of how to stop a poten- tial NATO attack. Notwithstanding the new defensive orientation of Warsaw Pact strat- egy, he declares that the only possible way is to launch a counter-offensive.

USSR Marshal Kulikov began by stating that the purpose of his trip was to inform the General Secretaries of the sister Parties about the content of his report to the Political Consultative Committee of the Warsaw Pact States and of the associated Draft Resolution. He wished to show them the results of the fine-tuning of the documents by the military leaders of the Bulgarian Peoples' Republic, the Romanian Socialist Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the ČSSR.

He stated that his main concern was to get approval for the Report of the Supreme Commander of the Unified Armed Forces to the Political Consultative Committee. A discussion is planned on the report during the meeting in Warsaw, but the corresponding Resolution is to be signed by all the General Secretaries of the sister states.

"…"

At the present time the Unified Armed Forces is undergoing a process of reorientation, away from the one-sided focus on attack towards the organization and command of a strong and active defense at the onset of a war.

Much work still needs to be done before the common military doctrine is put into practice on all sides. Readjusting training and service regulations to the problematic of defense is a major undertaking.

Thereby the guiding principle is that the only possibility for destroying the enemy in to case of aggression is by decisive attacks in the form of a counter-offensive.

"…"

At the same time, Comrade USSR Marshal Kulikov emphasized that the military dangers associated with the nature of Imperialism itself must not be forgotten.

"…"

It remains important to keep sight of the enemy, to follow all developments and activities attentively and from all angles and draw the appropriate conclusions in time in order to avoid any surprises.

"…"

In conclusion, USSR Marshal Kulikov emphasized that all member-states of the Warsaw Pact are carrying out their obligations with the greatest precision and punctuality, except the Hungarian Peoples' Republic, which has major problems.

"…"

-598-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 734

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.