A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991

By Vojtech Mastny; Malcolm Byrne | Go to book overview

Document No. 138: East German Evaluation of NATO's
1988 Exercises, November 15, 1988

This report of various Western maneuvers continues in the vein of previous assess- ments of the threat of a surprise attack. Throughout the 1980s, these fears persisted, encouraged by NATO's growing ability to stop advancing enemy forces by swift air attacks to their rear, and by events such as NATO's "Able Archer 83" exercise which was meant to simulate the release of nuclear weapons, but because of its use of encrypt- ed codes could have been misread as an indication that a surprise attack might be forthcoming. During the Gorbachev period, the Warsaw Pact continued to upgrade, including maritime operations forces such as would have been needed to counter "Team Work 88," analyzed below. Within a month, however, Gorbachev would address the United Nations with a radical plan to reduce troop strength in Europe.

"…"

1. Our estimate has been confirmed that NATO aims to achieve a favorable relationship between the intended surprise and the strong offensive forces necessary for a successful conventional war in Central Europe.

On the one hand, under the cover of exercises across almost the entire front, approximately 40 percent of combat-ready units were deployed within 24 hours.

On the other hand, 41,000 troops stationed in the Netherlands and Belgium were transferred to the FRG; and the NATO armed forces in Central Europe and the Baltic region were, within a period of 5 to 8 days, reinforced with 70,000 mobilized troops and strategic reserves.

As a result, NATO has proven its increased capability to make available relatively covertly within 10 days enough military force for its main theater of war during a conventional war.

The air force has proven that, as a part of NATO's forces, it could begin a war within 12 to 24 hours with a massive surprise attack.

The navy exercise "Team Work 88" demonstrated that NATO is in a position to bring the bulk of its fleet into position in 5 days and intervene in a land battle.

2. During the fall exercises, a stronger shift towards conventional warfare was clearly noticeable.

In all exercises, the offensive forces predominated.

"…"

3. The close connection between strategic forces during the exercises as well as the goals and results clearly demonstrate that the strategic operations of NATO's forces in Central Europe are increasingly characterized by land-air warfare.

"…"

The air force was responsible for offensive operations into the depth of Warsaw Pact territory.

-621-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 734

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.