Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East

By Bernard Lewis | Go to book overview

NOTES

Chapter 1. The Study of Islam

1. See for example the prayer recited in Egyptian mosques and published on the front pages of the Egyptian papers on 17 March 1959:

“God is great! God is great! There is no might and no power save in God! May He strengthen the martyrs with His grace and ordain them everlasting life in His mercy and abase their enemies in shame and ignominy! God is great! God is great! There is no victory save in God! Whoever offends, God will crush him; whoever exalts himself by wrongdoing, God will humble him! Consider not those who are killed in the cause of God as dead, but as living, with their Lord who sustains them.

“O God Almighty, All-powerful! Conquer Thine enemy with Thine omnipotence so that he returns to Thee! O God, Almighty, All-powerful, strengthen the community of Thy Prophet with Thy favor, and ordain defeat for their enemy. O God, O Lord of the Qur’ān, give victory to Thy Qur’ān as Thou gavest victory to ‘Abd al-Muṭṭalib on the Day of the Elephant, when Thou didst send against them flights of birds who pelted them with clay stones, so that they became like consumed chaff [Qur’ān 105]! In faith we worship Thee, in sincerity we call upon Thee, the blood of our martyrs we entrust to Thee, O merciful and compassionate One, Who answers the prayers of him who prays—our innocent martyrs and pure victims for the sake of Thy religion. For the glory of Thy religion they shed their blood and died as martyrs; believing in Thee, they greeted the day of sacrifice blissfully. Therefore place them, O God, as companions with the upright and the martyrs and the righteous—how good these are as companions! [Qur’ān, iv, 69].”

2. W. Cantwell Smith, Islam in Modern History (Princeton, N.J., 1957), p. 151.

3. In Religion in the Middle East, ed. A. J. Arberry, i (Cambridge, 1969), p. 415.

4. Letter to Isaac da Costa, 11 February 1823, in Brieven van Mr. Willem Bilderdijk, iv (Rotterdam, 1837), pp. 75–76; cited by C. F. Pijper, Islam and the Netherlands (Leiden, 1957), p. 16.

5. Charles Forster, Mahometanism Unveiled, ii (London, 1829), pp. 365, 378. Cf. N. Daniel, Islam, Europe and Empire (1966), p. 33; Albert Hourani, “Islam and the Philosophers of History,” in Middle Eastern Studies, iii (1967), pp. 223–25.

6. See below, pp. 127ff.

7. François Bernier, Histoire de la dernière révolution des états du Grand Mogol (4 vols., Paris, 1670–71). There are numerous later editions and translations of Bernier’s travels, correspondence, and other writings. A revised English translation of the travels was edited by V. A. Smith (Oxford, 1914).

-421-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 488

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.